Working of Institutions


Explain the powers and functions of the Prime Minister.


The Prime Minister is the head of the Central Govt. He is the chief advisor of the President and exercises all the powers rested in the name of the President of India. His power and functions are as follows :-
1. He selects the members of the cabinet, allocate portfolios and can dismiss any minister.
2. He is the head of the cabinet ministers and presides over the meetings with them.
3. He co-ordinates the work of different departments.
4. In case of disagreement between the departments, his decisions are final.
5. He exercises general supervisions of different ministries.
6. He distributes and redistributes work to the ministers.
7. He has the power to dismiss ministers. When he quits, the entire ministry quits.

Working of Institutions

Q 1.

Distinguish between political executive and permanent executive.

Q 2.

What is Parliament ? Discuss the powers and functions of the Parliament.

Q 3.

Lok Sabha is more powerful than the Rajya Sabha.,Justify.

Q 4.

Distinguish between the two houses of the Parliament.

Q 5.

What do you mean by the term institution? Why are they required?

Q 6.

Which three institutions are responsible to run a democratic government in India? Mention their respective roles.

Q 7.

The Prime Minister of coalition government cannot take decisions as he likes. Give reasons.

Q 8.

Explain the powers and functions of the Prime Minister.

Q 9.

The political executive is more powerful than the non-political executive. Why?