Electoral Politics


What is a voter list? Why it is important?


In a democratic election, the list of citizens who are eligible to vote is prepared before the commencement of elections. This list is officially termed as 'voter list' or 'Electoral Roll'. It is important because it is the first step towards a fair democratic election.

Electoral Politics

Q 1.

Match the following
(i) It is necessary to keep the voters list up to date because (a) there is a fair representation of all sections of our society
(ii) Some constituencies are reserved for SCs and STs so that(b) everyone has equal opportunity to elect their representative
(iii) Everyone has one and only one vote so that(c) all candidates must have a fair chance of competing in elections
(iv) Party in power is not allowed to use government vehicles because(d) some people may have moved away from the area where they voted last

Q 2.

What is a voter list? Why it is important?

Q 3.

Why do democracies need to have elections?

Q 4.

What are the minimum conditions required for a democratic election?

Q 5.

What makes an election democratic?

Q 6.

What is an election?

Q 7.

What are the conditions which make an election democratic?

Q 8.

List all the different election related activities mentioned in the chapter and arrange them in a time sequence, beginning with the first activity and ending with the last. Some of these activities are given below:

  1. releasing election manifestos;
  2. counting of votes;
  3. making of voters' list;
  4. election campaign;
  5. declaration of election results;
  6. casting of votes;
  7. ordering of re-poll;
  8. announcing election schedule;
  9. filing nomination.

Q 9.

Surekha is an officer in-charge of ensuring free and fair elections in an assembly constituency in a state. Describe what should she focus on for each of the following stages of election:
a) Election campaign
b) Polling day
c) Counting day

Q 10.

Which of the following statements about the reasons for conducting elections are false?
(a) Elections enable people to judge the performance of the government.
(b) People select the representative of their choice in an election.
(c) Elections enable people to evaluate the performance of the judiciary.
(d) People can indicate which policies they prefer.