The Changing World of Visual Arts


Write a brief note on Kalighat paintings.


Kalighat painting originated in the 19th century Bengal, in the vicinity of Kalighat temple of Kolkata. The paintings developed as a distinct school of Indian painting. The paintings depicted Hindu gods, goddesses, and other mythological characters.
The Kalighat Paintings are watercolour paintings done on mill-made paper. The styles of these paintings were characterized by broad sweeping brush lines, bold colours and simple forms. These paintings were sold to the devotees who visited the Kalighat temple


The Changing World of Visual Arts

Q 1.

What were the three categories of Imperial Art?

Q 2.

What were ňúcompany Paintings'?

Q 3.

Why did some artists produce cheap popular prints? What influence would such prints have had on the minds of people who looked at them?

Q 4.

Describe the paintings done by Robert Ker Porter on the battle of Seringapatam.

Q 5.

In what way did the British history paintings in India reflect the attitudes of imperial conquerors?

Q 6.

Write a brief note on Kalighat paintings.

Q 7.

Why do you think some artists wanted to develop a national style of art?

Q 8.

Point out which of the following were brought in with British art:
(a) oil painting (b) miniatures (c) life-size portrait painting (d) use of perspective (e) mural art

Q 9.

Give a brief sketch of Thomas Daniell and his paintings.

Q 10.

What are miniature paintings?

Q 11.

Describe European artist's style.

Q 12.

1. Fill in the blanks:
(a) The art form which observed carefully and tried to capture exactly what the eye saw is called _________.
(b) The style of painting which showed Indian landscape as a quaint, unexplored land is called _________.
(c) Paintings which showed the social lives of Europeans in India are called _________.
(d) Paintings which depicted scenes from British imperial history and their victories are called _________.

Q 13.

Why did the scroll painters and potters come to Kalighat? Why did they begin to paint new themes?

Q 14.

Describe in your own words one painting from this chapter which suggests that the British were more powerful than Indians. How does the artist depict this?

Q 15.

Why can we think of Raja Ravi Varma's paintings as national?