Geography

Mineral and Power Resources

Question:

What is a mineral?

Answer:

Minerals are found in the earth and are naturally occurring substances. They are not made by man. They are found in rocks and water. They are chemical substances and are made of elements.

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Mineral and Power Resources

Q 1.

Quarrying can become a major environmental concern.

Q 2.

Differentiate between a rock and an ore.

Q 3.

Distinguish between Metallic and non-metallic minerals

Q 4.

Why are minerals considered non-renewable?

Q 5.

Name and describe briefly methods of extraction.

Q 6.

Write the advantages and dis ¬advantages of non-conventional sources of energy.

Q 7.

What is a mineral?

Q 8.

What is wind power?

Q 9.

Give Reason for Environmental aspects must be carefully looked into before building huge dams.

Q 10.

Answer the following questions.
(i) Name any three common minerals used by you every day.
(ii) What is an ore? Where are the ores of metallic minerals generally located?
(iii) Name two regions rich in natural gas resources.
(iv) Which sources of energy would you suggest for
(a) rural areas (b) coastal areas (c) arid regions
(v) Give five ways in which you can save energy at home.

Q 11.

Give five ways in which you can save energy at home.

Q 12.

What are the two main classifications of power resources?

Q 13.

What is natural gas?

Q 14.

Distinguish between Ferrous and nonferrous minerals

Q 15.

Give a brief note on mining.

Q 16.

What is an ore? Where are the ores of metallic minerals generally located?

Q 17.

Define quarrying.

Q 18.

Which was the first country to develop hydroelectricity ?

Q 19.

Name and describe briefly methods of extraction.

Q 20.

Name some important hydel power stations in India.

Q 21.

What is biogas?

Q 22.

Define quarrying.

Q 23.

Name two regions rich in natural gas resources.

Q 24.

Give reason for Petroleum is referred to as “black gold”.

Q 25.

Name the leading tin producers in Asia.

Q 26.

Give one advantage of biogas over natural gas.

Q 27.

Why is coal called "buried sunshine"?

Q 28.

Give reasons.
(i) Environmental aspects must be carefully looked into before building huge dams.
(ii) Most industries are concentrated around coal mines.
(iii) Petroleum is referred to as "black gold".
(iv) Quarrying can become a major environmental concern.

Q 29.

Why are petroleum and its derivatives called "black gold"?

Q 30.

Write common uses of minerals.

Q 31.

Distinguish between Biogas and natural gas

Q 32.

Name the different rocks that minerals occur in?

Q 33.

What do the 3Rs stand for in context with conservation of natural resources?

Q 34.

How is hydroelectricity, produced?

Q 35.

Mention a few minerals and their uses.

Q 36.

Name two minerals in whose production India contributes a significant part.

Q 37.

Give reason for Most industries are concentrated around coal mines.

Q 38.

Write a brief note on salt.

Q 39.

How are mineral extracted from earth?

Q 40.

What are the classifications of minerals?

Q 41.

Distinguish between Conventional and non conventional sources of energy

Q 42.

Why are petroleum and its derivatives called "black gold"?

Q 43.

What is biogas?

Q 44.

Pick the Correct Asnwer
(a) Which one of the following is NOT a characteristic of minerals?
(i) They are created by natural processes
(ii) They have a definite chemical composition
(iii) They are inexhaustible
(iv) Their distribution is uneven
(b) Which one of the following is NOT a producer of mica?
(i) Jharkhand (ii) Karnataka (iii) Rajasthan (iv) Andhra Pradesh
(c) Which one of the following is a leading producer of copper in the world?
(i) Bolivia (ii) Ghana (iii) Chile (iv) Zimbabwe
(d) Which one of the following practices will NOT conserve LPG in your kitchen?
(i) Soaking the dal for some time before cooking it
(ii) Cooking food in a pressure cooker
(iii) Keeping the vegetables chopped before lighting the gas for cooking
(iv) Cooking food in an open pan kept on low flame

Q 45.

Where are minerals found?

Q 46.

Name two areas in Australia, which have large deposits of gold.

Q 47.

In which industry is silicon important? From which ore is it obtained?

Q 48.

Which sources of energy would you suggest for (a) rural areas (b) coastal areas (c) Arid Regions?

Q 49.

Write common uses of minerals.

Q 50.

Name and describe some non- conventional sources of energy.