History

Rulers and Buildings

Question:

How can you say that Mughal rulers adapted regional architectural styles in the construction of their buildings? Explain with examples.

Answer:

Mughal rulers were skilled in adapting regional architectural styles in the construction of their buildings. For example :

  • In Bengal, the local rulers had developed a roof that was designed to resemble a thatched hut. The Mughals liked this ‘Bangla dome' and used it their architecture.

In Akbar's capital at Fatehpur Sikri many of the buildings show the influence of the architectural styles of Gujarat and Malwa.

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Rulers and Buildings

Q 1.

How did kings win the praise of their subjects? [V. Imp.]

Q 2.

Look at Figure 4. How could that building be constructed faster today?

Q 3.

When was the tomb of Hanumaun built?

Q 4.

What were havellis?

Q 5.

What is a shikhara?

Q 6.

Who constructed the Kandariya Mahadeva temple?

Q 7.

What was mahamandapa?

Q 8.

Where was Shah Jahan's capital in the early years of his reign?

Q 9.

Name the king who invaded Sri Lanka? Whom did he defeat?

Q 10.

What role did the Yamuna play in the layout of the new Mughal city at Shahjahanabad?

Q 11.

Name the ruler who won universal respect for constructing a large reservoir just – outside Delhi-i kuhna?

Q 12.

What type of structures were built by kings and their officers between the eighth and the eighteenth centuries?

Q 13.

The rich and powerful construct large houses today. In what ways were the constructions of kings and their courtiers different in the past?

Q 14.

What are the special features of Humagun's tomb?

Q 15.

Find out whether there is a statue of or a memorial to a great person in your village or town. Why was it placed there? What purpose does it serve?

Q 16.

Why was limestone cement used in construction of large structures? [V. Imp.]

Q 17.

Name the temple built by king Rajarajadeva.

Q 18.

How is the trabeate' principle of architecture different from the arcuate?

Q 19.

What is pietra dura?

Q 20.

When was Humayun's tomb built? What are its special features?

Q 21.

Who were involved in the building of the Qutb Minor?

Q 22.

An inscription in Shah Johan's diwan-i khas in Delhi stated, "If there is Paradise on Earth it is here, it is here, it is here". How was this image created?

Q 23.

Throw light on how the construction of the Rqjarqjeshvara temple was a very difficult task.

Q 24.

How did the Mughal court suggest that everyone the rich and the poor, the powerjul and the weak received justice equally from the emperor?

Q 25.

How can you say that Mughal rulers adapted regional architectural styles in the construction of their buildings? Explain with examples.

Q 26.

Compare the reasons why temples were built and destroyed?

Q 27.

In what ways do you think the policies of Rajendra I and Mahmud of Ghazni were a product of their time? How were the actions of the two rulers different? [Imp.]

Q 28.

Visit and describe any park or garden in your neighbourhood. In what ways is it similar to or different from the gardens of the Mughals?

Q 29.

What is the special feature of Fatehpur Sikri, Akbar's capital?

Q 30.

What is the main feature of Shah Jahan's new city of Shahjahanabad? [Imp.]

Q 31.

Give an account of Shah Johan’s audience halls.

Q 32.

How did a temple communicate the importance of a king?

Q 33.

What are the elements of a Mughal chahar bagh garden?

Q 34.

How did the Persian court chronicles describe the Sultan?

Q 35.

Describe how Shah Jahan adapted the riverfront garden in the layout of the Teg Mahal.

Q 36.

Write a short note on the Kandariya Mahadeva temple.

Q 37.

Write a brief note on the chahar bagh built by the Mughal rulers.