Major Landforms of the Earth


Name the plateau which is famous for gold and diamond mining.


The African plateau.


Major Landforms of the Earth

Q 1.

What happens when you go higher?

Q 2.

Answer the following questions briefly.
(a)What are the major landforms?
(b) What is the difference between a mountain and a plateau?
(c)What are the different types of mountains?
(d)How are mountains useful to man?
(e)How are plains formed?
(f)Why are the river plains thickly populated?
(g)Why are mountains thinly populated?

Q 3.

What are the features of young fold mountains? [V. Imp.]

Q 4.

Write a few features of mountains.

Q 5.

What is special with Mauna Kea (Hawaii) in the Pacific Ocean?

Q 6.

What is called, erosion?

Q 7.

Write some natural calamities.  [V. Imp.]

Q 8.

What is internal process? [V. Imp.]

Q 9.

Give examples of young fold mountains.

Q 10.

State whether these sentences are true (T) or false (F).
(i) A rich variety of flora and fauna is found in the mountains.
(ii)       The Rope Bridge is in Arunachal Pradesh.
(iii) Plateaus are vast stretches of flat land.
(iv) Plains are very useful because they are rich in mineral deposits.
(v) As we go higher, the climate becomes hotter.
(vi) Mt. Fujiyama in Japan is an example of volcanic mountains.
(vii) It is difficult to carry on construction work in plains.

Q 11.

Give example of block mountains.

Q 12.

What kind of landforms are found in your state? Based on the reading of this chapter, say how they are of use to the people.

Q 13.

Give examples of Volcanic mountains.

Q 14.

What are block mountains?

Q 15.

What are the major landforms? Write about them in brief     [V. Imp.]

Q 16.

Name the plateau which is famous for gold and diamond mining.

Q 17.

Name some plains of India.

Q 18.

Quite often we use the land in a wasteful manner'. What do gou mean by wasteful manner'?[V. Imp.]

Q 19.

What are the features of plains? [V. Imp.]

Q 20.

How many types of mountains are there? Write briefly about each of them with  help of diagrams.

Q 21.

What are the features of plateaus?   [Imp.]

Q 22.

How are plateaus useful for man?

Q 23.

Fill in the blanks.
(a) A………… is an unbroken flat or a low-level land.
(b) The Himalayas and the Alps are examples of…………………… types of mountains.
(c) ………  areas are rich in mineral deposits.
(d) The………… is a line of mountains.
(e) The ………..  areas are most producting for farming.

Q 24.

What is external process?