Political Science

Alternative Centres of Power

Question:

What is ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF)?

Answer:

ASEAN Regional Forum was established in 1994 to carry out coordination and foreign policy among ASEAN members.

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Alternative Centres of Power

Q 1.

In which year the European Union was established?

Q 2.

What role has been played by European Union in solving the problems of the European countries?

Q 3.

Why is the EU considered a highly influential regional organisation in the economic, political and military fields?

Q 4.

Why India and China both view themselves as rising powers in global politics in spite of tensions between them? Substantiate your answer by giving any four events that have brought cordiality in their relationship.

Q 5.

When did China get independence?

Q 6.

Name any two new members of EU.

Q 7.

Which four common symbols make the European Union look like a nation state?

Q 8.

Study the picture given below and answer the questions that follow:
ncert-solutions-class-12-political-science-alternative-centres-power-2

1. What does the cartoon represent?
2. Name the policy that is being represented in the cartoon.
3. What does the Competition' refer to in the cartoon?
4. "We'll have to get used to it". What does it denote?

Q 9.

Fill in the blanks:
(a) The border conflict between China and India in 1962 was principally over……..and……..region.
(b) ARF was established in the year……..
(c) China entered into bilateral relations with ………(a major country) in 1972.
(d) ………..plan influenced the establishment of the organisation for European Economic Cooperation in 1948.
(e)……….. is the organisation of ASEAN that deals with security.

Q 10.

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions:
The conflict of 1962, in which India suffered military reverses, had long-term implications for India-China relations. Diplomatic relations between the two countries were downgraded until 1976. Thereafter, relltions between the two countries began to improve slowly. After the change in China's political leadership from the mid to late 1970s, China's policy became more pragmatic and less ideological. So it was prepared to, put off the settlement of contentious issues while improving relations with India. A series of talks to resolve the border issue were also initiated in 1981.
1. Why did India suffer military reverses as a result of conflict of 1962?
2. When did the relations between India and China begin to improve?
3. What was the change in the policy of China in the seventies?
4. Which efforts were made to resolve the border issues between India and China?

Q 11.

What is the common currency of EU?

Q 12.

What is SEZs (Special Economic Zones)?

Q 13.

Mention the major challenges faced in Europe after Second World War.

Q 14.

What are the objectives of ASEAN Economic Community?  

Q 15.

How do ASEAN members commit to uphold peace and neutrality?

Q 16.

Discuss Indo-China relations.

Q 17.

In what ways does the present Chinese economy differ from its command economy?

Q 18.

When did China get independence?

Q 19.

What are the objectives of establishing regional organisations?

Q 20.

How did China end its political and economic isolation?

Q 21.

On a political outline map of world locate and label the following and symbolise them as indicated:
ncert-solutions-class-12-political-science-alternative-centres-power-3
Questions
1. An older member of EU between Portugal and France. Symbolise (A)
2. An older member near Belgium and Netherlands. Symbolise (B)
3. The four new members of EU. Symbolise 1, 2, 3, 4.
4. Four old members of EU. Symbolise 5, 6, 7, 8.

Q 22.

What are the components of the ASEAN Visiong020?

Q 23.

What is European Union?

Q 24.

How has the European Union evolved over time from an economic union to an increasingly political one?  

Q 25.

Identify the contentious issues between China and India. How could these be resolved for greater cooperation? Give your suggestions.

Q 26.

How did China rise to be an economic superpower? Assess.

Q 27.

What is meant by ASEAN WAT?

Q 28.

What are economic challenges of China despite its economic development?

Q 29.

Why was European Union founded? What  were its objectives and significance?

Q 30.

What was Marshall Plan?

Q 31.

How did the European countries resolve their Post Second World War problem? Briefly outline the attempts that led to the formation of the European Union.

Q 32.

The emerging economies of China and India have great potential to challenge the unipolar world. Do you agree with the statement? Substantiate your arguments.

Q 33.

Explain the political, diplomatic influence of European Union as a supernational organisation.

Q 34.

What is the significance of ASEAN flag?

Q 35.

What is ASEAN Regional Forum (ARF)?

Q 36.

Name the pillars aid objectives of ASEAN community.

Q 37.

Mention the three pillars formed in ASEAN.

Q 38.

Correct the following statement and rewrite ASEAN stands for Association of South East African Nations.
Or
What does ASEAN stand for?

Q 39.

How can we say that ASEAN is an economic association?

Q 40.

What led to the evolution of the EU from an economic union to an increasingly political one?

Q 41.

What are the objectives behind the formation of ASEAN?

Q 42.

"Chinese economy has been recognised at the global level". Justify.

Q 43.

Mention any two steps taken by China to improve its economy.

Q 44.

What are the odds which limit the ability of EU?

Q 45.

How did relations improve after the conflict of 1962 between India and China?

Q 46.

Why ASEAN was established?

Q 47.

Describe any four significant characteristics of ASEAN.

Q 48.

Name two countries of European Union who opposed America's Iraq invasion.

Q 49.

What makes the European Union a highly influential regional organisation?

Q 50.

Study the picture given below and answer the questions that follow:
ncert-solutions-class-12-political-science-alternative-centres-power-1

1. The given cartoon is related to which country?
2. Which two symbols in this cartoon helped in identifying the country?
3. What message does this cartoon convey to the world?