History

The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

Question:

What steps did the French revolutionaries take to create a sense of collective identity among the French people?

Answer:

From the very beginning, the French revolutionaries introduced various measures and practices that could create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people. The ideas of la patrie (the fatherland) and le citoyen (the citizen) emphasized the notion of a united community enjoying equal rights under a constitution. A new French flag, the tricolour, was chosen to replace the former royal standard. The Estates General was elected by the body of active citizens and renamed the National Assembly. New hymns were composed, oaths taken and martyrs commemorated, all in the name of the nation. A centralised administrative system was put in place and it formulated uniform laws for all citizens within its territory. Internal customs duties and dues were abolished and a uniform system of weights and measures was adopted. Regional dialects were discouraged and French, as it was spoken and written in Paris, became the common language of the nation.

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The Rise of Nationalism in Europe

Q 1.

Explain what is meant by the 1848 revolution of the liberals. What were the political, social and economic ideas supported by the liberals?

Q 2.

Briefly trace the process of German unification.

Q 3.

Give two examples to show that in the 18th century Europe there were no nation states.

Q 4.

What were the highlights of the Treaty of Vienna 1815?

Q 5.

How did nationalism and the idea of the nation-state emerge?

Q 6.

What did Liberal Nationalism Stand for?

Q 7.

How did nationalism and the idea of the nation-state emerge?

Q 8.

How was nation visualized by artists?

Q 9.

Give a brief note on the Napoleonic code.

Q 10.

Write a note on Count Camillo de Cavour.

Q 11.

What was the Romantic Imagination about a nation?

Q 12.

Why were the Middle class so named?

Q 13.

According to Ernst Renan what are the attributes of a nation.

Q 14.

Why did nationalist tensions emerge in the Balkans?

Q 15.

What led to the spread of conservatism in Europe and what were its impacts?

Q 16.

Write a note on The Greek war of independence.

Q 17.

What did Liberal Nationalism Stand for?

Q 18.

Write a note on Guiseppe Mazzini.

Q 19.

According to Ernst Renan what are the attributes of a nation?

Q 20.

Describe the rise of imperialism.

Q 21.

Write a note on Frankfurt parliament.

Q 22.

What changes did Napoleon introduce to make the administrative system more efficient in the territories ruled by him?

Q 23.

What were the reforms made by Napoleon?

Q 24.

What steps did the French revolutionaries take to create a sense of collective identity among the French people?

Q 25.

Who were Marianne and Germania? What was the importance of the way in which they were portrayed?

Q 26.

Describe the French Revolution.

Q 27.

On what basis the female allegories were given names?

Q 28.

How was the history of nationalism in Britain unlike the rest of Europe?

Q 29.

What was the cause of Silesian weavers uprising? Comment on the viewpoint of the journalist.