Economics

Development

Question:

Besides income, what can be the other attributes to compare economic development? [CBSE 2013, 14]

Answer:

(1) Of course, for comparing economic development of countries, their income is considered to be one of the most important attributes. This is based on the understanding that more income means more of all things that human beings need. That is why, the World Bank uses Per Capita Income to compare economic development.
(2) Apart from income, educational levels of the people and their health status are considered as measures to compare economic development of a nation.
(i) Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) : This indicates the number of children that die before the age of one year as a proportion of 1,000 live children born in that particular year. ‘
(ii) Literacy Rate : This measures the proportion of literate population in the 7 years and above age group.
(iii) Net Attendance Ratio : This is the total number of children of age group 6-10 attending school as a percentage of total number of children in the same age group.
(iv) Life Expectancy at birth : It denotes average expected length of life of a person at the time of birth.

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Development

Q 1.

Which attribute is considered important for comparing different countries? Does it provide the whole picture?

Q 2.

Give one example of environmental degradation.

Q 3.

The high salary jobs are not always the most satisfying option.

Q 4.

Discuss the disparities in literacy rates in India.

Q 5.

Give one example of environmental degradation.

Q 6.

What is infant mortality rate ? Suggest two measures to keep the infant mortality rate low. [CBSE 2013, 14]
Or
What is the meaning of ˜Infant Mortality Rate ' (IMR) ? Give two main reasons for low IMR in Kerala. [CBSE 2010]

Q 7.

Increase in total income of a country may or may not lead to greater welfare of the masses. on this.

Q 8.

What contributes to the human development ?

Q 9.

Give suggestions for ensuring a better distribution of existing water resources within the country.

Q 10.

In what respects is the criterion used by the UNDP for measuring development different from the one used by the World Bank?

Q 11.

What contributes to the human development ?

Q 12.

How is average income calculated?

Q 13.

How can development be made sustainable? Illustrate with examples from everyday life.

Q 14.

What should be the main criteria of development?

Q 15.

What is national development? What are the aspects covered under the national development ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 16.

Discuss the disparities in literacy rates in India.

Q 17.

What is national development? What are the aspects covered under the national development ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 18.

Expansion of retail chains owned by big industrialists.

Q 19.

Money alone cannot provide all that makes life worth living. Discuss this statement.

Q 20.

(i) What is development ? Mention any two features of development.
(ii) What is national income ? [CBSE 2009 (D)]  
(iii) What is per capita income? [CBSE Sept. 2011]
Or
Define the term, ‘average income.' [CBSE 2008, 2009 (D)]

Q 21.

"Average income is an important criterion for development."Explain.

Q 22.

What is the main criterion used by the World Bank in classifying different countries? What are the limitations of this criterion, if any?

Q 23.

Distinguish between developed and underdeveloped countries.

Q 24.

What is the significance of Human Development Index ? [CBSE 2013]

Q 25.

Why do we use averages? Are there any limitations to their use? Illustrate with your own examples related to development.

Q 26.

How can development be made sustainable? Illustrate with examples from everyday life.

Q 27.

Human development is the essence of social development.' Explain.

Q 28.

Why is it that different people have different notions of development?

Q 29.

What is the main criterion used by the World Bank in classifying different countries ? What are the limitations of this criterion ? [CBSE Sept. 2010]
Or
Explain the meaning of the term ‘Rich Countries' and ˜Low Income Countries' according to the World Development Report of 2006. What is India's position in this respect ? [CBSE 2013]

Q 30.

Describe any three features of developed country. [CBSE 2013, 14]

Q 31.

What should be the developmental goals for developing countries like India?

Q 32.

Why is the issue of sustainability important for development?

Q 33.

What are the limitations of the per capita income criteria of development ? [CBSE 2014]
Or
What is Per Capita Income ? Can it be regarded as the sole indicator of economic development of a country ? Give four valid arguments to support your answer. [CBSE 2012]

Q 34.

Mention any four characteristics of development. [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]

Q 35.

Besides income, what can be the other attributes to compare economic development? [CBSE 2013, 14]

Q 36.

What may be development for one may not be development for the other.' Explain by giving examples. [CBSE Sept. 2012]
Or
With the help of an example show two groups who may have different notions of development. [CBSE Sept. 2010]

Q 37.

What should be the main criteria of development?

Q 38.

What is PCI ? Where it is used ?

Q 39.

Why is per capital income considered as an important criterion for development?

Q 40.

Why is per capital income considered as an important criterion for development?

Q 41.

Define the following terms :
(i) IMR (ii) Literacy Rate (iii) NAR [CBSE Sept. 2010, 2011]

Q 42.

Distinguish between human and economic development.

Q 43.

(i) Mention any two important aspects of our lives other than income. [CBSE 2008 (D)]
(ii) How can we achieve our hopes and possibilities in the present world ? [CBSE Comp. (D) 2008]
(iii) What is ˜Public Distribution System ' (PDS) ? [CBSE Sept. 2011 ] [CBSE2009 (F) Sept. 2010]
(iv) Mention two developmental goals of landless rural labourers. [CBSE Comp. (O) 2008]
(iv) Why has Kerala a higher Human Development Index than Punjab in spite of low per capita income ? [CBSE 2009 (F) Sept. 2011]

Q 44.

What is infant mortality rate ? Suggest two measures to keep the infant mortality rate low. [CBSE 2013, 14]
Or
What is the meaning of ˜Infant Mortality Rate ' (IMR) ? Give two main reasons for low IMR in Kerala. [CBSE 2010]

Q 45.

What are the development goals of the following :
(i) Labourer (ii) Rich farmer (iii) Trader

Q 46.

(f) State the criteria used to compare the different countries by the Human Development Report published by the United National Development Programme (UNDP).
(ii) Which is the new area of knowledge in which scientists, economists, philosophers and other social scientists are working together ?
(iii) What is meant by Human Development ? [CBSE Sept. 2011, 2012]
(iv) What is Sustainable Development ? [CBSE Comp. (D) 2008, 2009 (F), Sept. 2011]
(v) Which organisation measures HDR ? Mention any three major indicators of / HDR. [CBSE Sept. 2012]

Q 47.

Money cannot buy all the goods and services that one needs to live well.' Explain. [CBSE 2010(0), Sept. 2013]