Both of these words refer to people who work at a company - but staff is always singular and uncountable - it describes the entire group of workers as one thing. Employees is plural and countable - it describes the collection of individual workers.
The entire staff was happy about the extra day off.
All the employees were happy about the extra day off.
Note that "staff" takes the singular verb was, and "employees" takes the plural verb were.
Whenever you use a specific number, use employees or staff members:
Commercially grown dried apricots may be treated with sulfur dioxide gas during processing. They may also be treated with sulfites to extend their shelf life. Sulfur containing compounds are often added to dried foods like apricots as preservatives to help prevent oxidation and bleaching of colors.